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Highgrader MJM Marking
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  Improved Ideal.JPG - LUDLOW SAYLOR IMPROVED IDEAL - Cast steel stick with thimble brazed on, Japanned black finish, 11 in. length, marked IMPROVED IDEAL on shaft, manufactured by Ludlow-Saylor Wire Company of St. Louis, MO, #40 in Wilson’s Candlestick Guide (The Ludlow-Saylor Wire Company, St. Louis, MO was a prolific manufacturer of candlesticks, second only to Varney in number of sticks made. Though they vary somewhat in design, all are cast steel and, except for the model marked IDEAL, all have the thimble brazed on. Many are painted with a black lacquer (known as Japanned). Like Varney, Ludlow-Saylor made sticks under other names including COLORADO, CALUMET, HECLA, CRESCENT, DULUTH, IMPROVED IDEAL, IRON RANGE, MONTANA, MT SHASTA, MENLO, CALIFORNIA, EUREKA, ARGAUNAUT and WASHINGTON. Several of these sticks are pictured on my site. They varied in length from 8 ¾ to 12 in; see Wilson and Bobrink, Candlestick Guide, pp 35-39)  
Iron Range II
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IXL Marking
Husson Ad 1906 Pittsburgh Gage & Supply Co
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Improved Ideal | LUDLOW SAYLOR IMPROVED IDEAL - Cast steel stick with thimble brazed on, Japanned black finish, 11 in. length, marked IMPROVED IDEAL on shaft, manufactured by Ludlow-Saylor Wire Company of St. Louis, MO, #40 in Wilson’s Candlestick Guide (The Ludlow-Saylor Wire Company, St. Louis, MO was a prolific manufacturer of candlesticks, second only to Varney in number of sticks made. Though they vary somewhat in design, all are cast steel and, except for the model marked IDEAL, all have the thimble brazed on. Many are painted with a black lacquer (known as Japanned). Like Varney, Ludlow-Saylor made sticks under other names including COLORADO, CALUMET, HECLA, CRESCENT, DULUTH, IMPROVED IDEAL, IRON RANGE, MONTANA, MT SHASTA, MENLO, CALIFORNIA, EUREKA, ARGAUNAUT and WASHINGTON. Several of these sticks are pictured on my site. They varied in length from 8 ¾ to 12 in; see Wilson and Bobrink, Candlestick Guide, pp 35-39) Download Original Image
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