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  WFM Butte No 1 Ribbon.jpg - W.F.M. BUTTE NO. 1 RIBBON - Red, white and blue BUTTE MINERS UNION ribbon/badge showing crossed pick and hammer and marked NO. 1 W.F.M. BUTTE, MONTANA; No.1 is for original Western Federation of Miners union formed in Butte in 1893; ex-Tim Gordon collection  (This ribbon ca. 1893 is for the famous Lodge No. 1 of the WFM in Butte, MT. The reverse side is a black mourning ribbon for funerals of fellow miners.  The Western Federation of Miners (WFM) was a radical labor union that gained a reputation for militancy in the mines of the western United States and British Columbia.  It was formed on May 15, 1893 at a convention held in Butte, MT by representatives of the miners' unions from Utah, South Dakota, Idaho, Montana and Colorado. Its efforts to organize both hard rock miners and smelter workers brought it into sharp conflicts – and often pitched battles – with both employers and governmental authorities. One of the most dramatic of these struggles occurred in the Cripple Creek district in 1903-04, and has been called the Colorado Labor Wars. The WFM also played a key role in the founding of the Industrial Workers of the World in 1905, but left that organization several years later.  The WFM changed its name to the International Union of Mine, Mill, and Smelter Workers (more familiarly referred to as Mine Mill) in 1916. After a period of decline it revived in the early days of the New Deal and helped found the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) in 1935. The Mine Mill union was expelled from the CIO in 1950 during the post-war red scare for refusing to shed its communist leadership. After spending years fighting off efforts by the United Steelworkers of America (USWA) to raid its membership, Mine Mill and the USWA merged in 1967.)  
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WFM Eureka No 151 Ribbon
WFM Eureka
WFM Eureka No 151 Member Badge
WFM Eureka No 151 Member Badge Back

WFM Butte No 1 Ribbon | W.F.M. BUTTE NO. 1 RIBBON - Red, white and blue BUTTE MINERS UNION ribbon/badge showing crossed pick and hammer and marked NO. 1 W.F.M. BUTTE, MONTANA; No.1 is for original Western Federation of Miners union formed in Butte in 1893; ex-Tim Gordon collection (This ribbon ca. 1893 is for the famous Lodge No. 1 of the WFM in Butte, MT. The reverse side is a black mourning ribbon for funerals of fellow miners. The Western Federation of Miners (WFM) was a radical labor union that gained a reputation for militancy in the mines of the western United States and British Columbia. It was formed on May 15, 1893 at a convention held in Butte, MT by representatives of the miners' unions from Utah, South Dakota, Idaho, Montana and Colorado. Its efforts to organize both hard rock miners and smelter workers brought it into sharp conflicts – and often pitched battles – with both employers and governmental authorities. One of the most dramatic of these struggles occurred in the Cripple Creek district in 1903-04, and has been called the Colorado Labor Wars. The WFM also played a key role in the founding of the Industrial Workers of the World in 1905, but left that organization several years later. The WFM changed its name to the International Union of Mine, Mill, and Smelter Workers (more familiarly referred to as Mine Mill) in 1916. After a period of decline it revived in the early days of the New Deal and helped found the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) in 1935. The Mine Mill union was expelled from the CIO in 1950 during the post-war red scare for refusing to shed its communist leadership. After spending years fighting off efforts by the United Steelworkers of America (USWA) to raid its membership, Mine Mill and the USWA merged in 1967.) Download Original Image
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